Therefore, it is evident that universal religions consist of many different ethnic groups because they convert and accept anyone of any background and are usually not closely tied to one location. Jews believe in one true God, and the Western Wall of the old temple in Jerusalem is one of their most holy sites. A goal of this perspective would presumably to encourage such young "Muslim" Christians and embryonic churches to accelerate such developments into an indigenous church planting movement. Christianity is the largest universalizing religion, both in area and in number, with about two billion adherents. The core Buddhist belief is reincarnation. Hinduism consists of many different religious groups evolved in India since 1500 BCE. But we understand that to mean culturally Christian, a separate question from matters of individual personal faith. The three main branches of Christianity are Catholics, Orthodox, and Protestants. We might consider the religious designation, for those peoples whose cultural ethnic identity seems to be primarily defined by their religion, as a sociological factor or terminology. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. There are cultures in which the religious identity is a primary defining factor. Are you a teacher or administrator interested in boosting AP® Human Geography student outcomes? They look for new members and welcome anyone and everyone who wishes to adopt their belief system. Mission Context judaism, hinduism. Other rights reserved. Ethnic religion. What is an Ethnic Group (A variation on the above topic), First notes written August and September 2003, in an email conference with cultural researchers in various parts of the world. In some ways, ethnic religions act like a folk culture. The "Christians" were a mix of different peoples, with a predominance of Jews that diminished as the first century progressed. After reading this AP® Human Geography Crash Course, you will be more confident on this section of AP® Human Geography and are prepared for the AP® Human Geography exam. Sociological (1) work to identity peoples and develop strategies in such a way as to facilitate the gospel being planted and arising among any defined grouping What is the role of religion in ethnicity? Permission granted for free download and transmission for personal or educational use. Their leader and prophet is Muhammad. When religions work to expand their membership by converting others to their belief systems, they are termed. hinduism. Such believers, and such a church can exist in any culture (theoretically), no matter what the perceived general religious character of the culture might be. It is also a communal way to relate a belief that centers on a system of thought, unseen being, person, or object that is believed to be supernatural, sacred, or divine. Ethnic religions relate closely to culture, ethnic heritage, and to the physical geography of a particular place. In some lists of databases of ethnic groups, we see names like "Agaria, Hindu" and "Agaria, Muslim" (India). In some ways, ethnic religions act like a folk culture. In contrast to monotheism, polytheistic religions believe in more than one supreme or deity. In fact, there are specialists studying such situations to propose guidelines for enhancing this process. After you read this AP® Human Geography study guide, you will better understand the difference between universalizing and ethnic religions. The main religion of the Arab ethnic group is Islam. I tend to be somewhat cautious in excluding a religious identity. Unlike universalizing religions, ethnic religions haven’t spread primarily because of the lack of missionaries. When does religion become the determining factor in identity? The distinctive element we wish to emphasize is that of culture. The commonly agreed guiding factor is the extent to which the broad religious identity determines how the people themselves identify themsleves. Christian Identity in Non-Christian Ethnicity Different cultural characteristics are given different relative value in each ethnic group. Religions are monotheistic because they believe in one supreme being or god. It follows one’s ethnicity because the religion does not tend to convert. The role or character of 'religion' varies with an ethnic or social group, and thus religion is a more important factor for self-identity in some peoples than in others. A religion with a relatively concentrated spatial distribution whose principles are likely to be based on the physical characteristics of the particular location in which its adherents are concentrated. Get access to thousands of standards-aligned practice questions. In contrast to universalizing religions, ethnic religions usually consist of beliefs, superstitions, and rituals handed down from generation to generation within an ethnicity and culture. On the other hand, we don't need to feel compelled to over-generalize. One factor that distinguishes various religions is the number of gods that followers worship. Such a name does not necessarily mean to imply that every member of the group is Hindu, or Muslim, or whatever the case may be. Last edited 4 August 2010. Judaism is an ethnic religion that has more than 14 million followers worldwide. Ethnic religions do not attempt to appeal to all people, but only one group, maybe in one locale or within one ethnicity. Those who practice Islam are Muslims, which means one who surrenders to God. The division between the Sunni and Shia originated in a disagreement over leadership after Muhammad’s death in 632 CE. In this regard, monotheism and polytheism are the two classifications of religion. We’ll give you challenging practice questions to help you achieve mastery in AP® Human Geography. So how do you as a geographer study religion? Buddhism is the fourth largest religion, with about 350 million adherents. The two branches of Islam are Sunni and Shiite. These Roman Christians surely were, for the most part, what is commonly identified today in mission terms as the New Testament or "evangelical" church! More than half of the world’s Muslims live in four countries outside the Middle East: Indonesia, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and India. As we evaluate all the various cultural characteristics, we have to determine (discover) which of those are most determinative within the self-identity of the particular people themselves. Thank you for your patience! Hey! Not at all. universalizing religions. So let’s look at how universalizing and ethnic religions have spread across the globe. Perhaps the concept of "Muslim Background Believer" (MBB), used by access teams of many agencies, can be the bridging concept. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. Rather, the intention is that the religious reference given reflects the distinctive culture of the group. Now that we know the basic definition of religion and why it is important to us to study religion as part of the AP® Human Geography course, we will now explore the different types of religions based on several factors. ethnic religions ex.